Common Antibiotics for Use in Human Medicine

GROUP I: Ample Spectrum Penicillins
Generic NameTrade Name
AmoxicillinAmoxil®
AmpicillinOmnipen®
BacampicillinSpectrobid®
Carbenicillin IndanylPyopen®, Geogen®, Geocillin®
MezlocillinMezlin®
Piperacillin*Pipracil®
TicarcillinTicar®


GROUP II: Penicillins and Beta Lactamase Inhibitors
Generic NameTrade Name
Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Augmentin®
Ampicillin-Sulbactam*Unasyn®
BenzylpenicillinBenpen®
Cloxacillin Tegopen®, Coxapen®
Dicloxacillin Dycill®, Dynapen®, Pathocil®
Methicillin Staphcillin®
OxacillinProstaphilin®, Bactocil®
Penicillin G (Benzathine, Potassium, Procaine)Bicillin® C-R/L-A, Pfizerpen®, Wycellin®
Penicillin VPen-Veek®, Beepen-VK®
Piperacillin+Tazobactam*Zozyn®
Ticarcillin+Clavulanic AcidTimentin®
NafcillinUnipen®, Nafcil®


GROUP III: Cephalosporins
Cephalosporin I Generation
Generic NameTrade Name
CefadroxilDuricef®
CefazolinAncef®, Kefzol®, Zolicef®
CephalexinKeflex®, Keftal®, Cefanox®
CephalothinKeflin®, Seffin®
CephapirinCefadyl®
CephradineVelocef®

Cephalosporin II Generation
Generic NameTrade Name
Cefaclor Ceclor®, Ceclor CD®
CefamandolMandol®
CefonicidMonocid®
CefotetanCefotan®
CefoxitinMefoxin®
CefprozilCefzil®
CeftmetazoleZefazone®
CefuroximeKefurox®, Zinacef®
Cefuroxime axetilCeftin®
LoracarbefLorabid®

Cephalosporin III Generation
Generic NameTrade Name
CefdinirOmnicef®
CeftibutenCedax®
CefoperazoneCefobid®
Cefixime*Suprax®
Cefotaxime*Claforan®
Cefpodoxime proxetilVantin®
Ceftazidime*Ceptaz®, Fortaz®, Tanicef®
Ceftizoxime*Cefizox®
Ceftriaxone*Rocephin®

Cephalosporin IV Generation
Generic NameTrade Name
CefepimeMaxipime®


GROUP IV: Macrolides and Lincosamines
Generic NameTrade Name
Azithromycin*Zithromax®
Clarithromycin*Biaxin®
ClindamycinCleocin®
DirithromycinDynabac®
ErythromycinE-mycin®, Ery-tab®, Benzamycin®
LincomycinLincocin®
TroleandomycinTao®


GROUP V: Quinolones and Fluoroquinolones
Generic NameTrade Name
CinoxacinCinoxacin®
Ciprofloxacin*Cipro®
EnoxacinPenetrex®
GatifloxacinTequin®
GrepafloxacinRaxar®, Out of Market in USA
LevofloxacinLevaquin®, Quixin®
LomefloxacinMaxaquin®
MoxifloxacinAvelox®
Nalidixic acidNegGam®
Norfloxacin*Noroxin®
OfloxacinFloxin®
SparfloxacinZagam®
TrovafloxacinTrovan®
Oxolinic acidNot licensed in USA
GemifloxacinNot licensed in USA
PerfloxacinNot licensed in USA


GROUP VI: Carbepenems
Generic NameTrade Name
Imipenem-Cilastatin*Primaxin®
Meropenem Merrem®


GROUP VII: Monobactams
Generic NameTrade Name
Aztreonam*Azactam®


GROUP VIII: Aminoglycosides
Generic NameTrade Name
Amikacin*Amikin®
GentamicinGaramycin®
KanamycinKantrex®
NeomycinMycifradin®, Neo-Fradin®
NetilmicinNetromycin®
StreptomycinStreptomycin®
Tobramycin*Tobrex®, Nebcin®
ParomomycinHumatin®


GROUP IX: Glycopeptides
Generic NameTrade Name
TeicoplaninTargocid®
Vancomycin*Vancocyn®, Lyphocin®


GROUP X: Tetracyclines
Generic NameTrade Name
DemeclocyclineDeclomycin®
Doxycycline Doxy®, Vibra®, Vibramycin®
MethacyclineRondomycin®
MinocyclineMinocin®
Oxytetracycline Terramycin®
TetracyclineSumycin®
Chlortetracycline 


GROUP XI: Sulfonamides
Generic NameTrade Name
MafenideSulfamylon®
Silver SulfadiazineSSD®, Silvadene®
SulfacetamideSultrim®
SulfadiazineSulfadiazine
SulfamethoxazoleGantanol®
SulfasalazineSulfasalazine®,Azulfidine®
SulfisoxazoleSulfisoxazole
Trimethoprim-SulfamethoxazoleBactrim®, Septra®, Cofatrim®, Primsol®
SulfamethizoleThiosulfil Forte®


GROUP XII: Rifampin
Generic NameTrade Name
RifabutinMycobutin®
RifampinRifadin®
RifapentinePriftin®


GROUP XIII: Oxazolidonones
Generic NameTrade Name
Linezolid*Zyvox®


GROUP XIV: Streptogramins
Generic NameTrade Name
Quinopristin+Dalfopristin*Synercid®


GROUP XV: Others
Generic NameTrade Name
BacitracinBaci-IM
Chloramphenicol*Chloromycetin®
ColistemetateColy-Mycin® M & S
FosfomycinMonurol®
IsoniazidRifamate®
MethenamineHiprex®, Mandelamine®
MetronidazolFlagyl®
MupirocinBactroban®
NitrofurantoinMacrobid®, Macrodantin®, Furantoin®
NitrofurazoneFuracin®
NovobiocinAlbamycin®
Polymyxin BAerospin®
SpectinomycinTrobicin®
TrimethoprimProloprim®, Trimpex®
Colistin 
Cycloserine 
Capreomycin 
Ethionamide 
Pyrazinamide 
Para-aminosalicyclic acid 
Erythromycin ethylsuccinate + sulfisoxazole 



*Antibiotics marked with an asterisk are subject to restricted use in hospitals following guidelines of Infection Control Committee. Physicians should consult with an Infectious Disease specialist.
 
This table courtesy of APUA.org